Range: Northern Canada through to Panama, including much of the Caribbean.
Habitat: The Red-tail is a bird of open country, such as grasslands and desert. They will also use farmland, and often perch on fence posts and telephone poles.
Diet: Mostly mammals, ranging in size from voles to jackrabbits. Birds up to pheasants in size are taken. Also snakes, amphibians, insects, and carrion.
Lifespan: Up to 21 years in the wild. 18-25 years in captivity. The oldest Red-tailed Hawk on record lived to be almost 29 years old.
Aerea was hit by a car, and is now blind in her left eye. This affects her depth perception, so she cannot survive on her own in the wild.
- Red-tailed Hawks are the second largest Buteo hawk in North America. Only the Ferruginous Hawk is bigger.
- Pairs of Red-tailed Hawks mate for life.
- There may be as many as 14 different subspecies of Red-tailed Hawks, which are often variable in plumage, though most have the distinctive red tail and dark belly band.
- The dark subspecies “Harlan’s Hawk” of Alaska lacks both the red tail and belly band. Because of this it was formerly considered as separate species.
- The scream of the Red-tailed Hawk is often used for the call of the Bald Eagle in movies.
- Red-tailed Hawks can catch rattlesnakes; however they are not immune to the venom.
- Red-tails are one of the most common and widespread hawks in North America.
- Because they take such a variety of prey, a pair of Red-tails only needs half a square mile for breeding