Turtle Bay's McConnell Arboretum & Botanical Gardens
The Botanical Gardens portion of the McConnell Arboretum & Botanical Gardens is the newest addition to Turtle Bay Exploration Park. The Redding Arboretum, one of four organizations that merged to create Turtle Bay Exploration Park, along with its supporters, initially drove the development of a series of gardens. Turtle Bay inherited and embraced the plan to develop the site as seen today. Today the Gardens comprise 20 acres of mediterranean-climate display gardens, a children’s garden, a medicinal garden, and two beautiful and unique water features.
The Arboretum extends over 200 acres with direct links to the award-winning Sacramento River Trail. The Gardens carry Turtle Bay’s sustainability message to another level and express a very positive ethic about a harmonious fit between natural systems and human activity.
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McConnell Arboretum & Botanical Gardens nursery
The McConnell Arboretum & Botanical Gardens Nursery is open to the public and offers mediterranean-climate zone species, California natives, ornamental grasses, and locally adapted perennials for purchase by the public. All of our plants are propagated on site!
Mediterranean Climate Gardens
All five of the world’s mediterranean climate zones are concentrated within the latitudes of 30° and 45°, a little less than halfway from the equator to the poles. These zones include the Mediterranean Basin, South Africa, Chile, southern and western Australia, and California west of the Sierra Nevada. Plants native to all of these areas thrive in the new Gardens. Redding’s own mediterranean-climate zone is well suited to this diversity of plant life. Each of the mediterranean climates is represented in the Gardens featuring unique plants in a Chilean Garden, Mediterranean Basin Garden, South African Garden, Australian Garden, and California Garden.
Visitors stroll the gardens down paths through several enjoyment display gardens, including a medicinal garden, a children’s garden to enthrall the littlest gardeners, a butterfly garden, and specialty gardens including the Fitzpatrick Celebration Garden, perfect for weddings, corporate events, parties, and receptions.
The design of the McConnell Arboretum & Botanical Gardens was informed by a water-wise method focused on working with nature and natural forces (such as rainfall), appropriate plant selection, soil preparation, and watering methods that create an aesthetically pleasing, livable landscape, while using less water from the local supply.
The unique location of the McConnell Arboretum & Botanical Gardens sets it apart from other public gardens - with a magnificent view of Shasta Bally Mountain to the west, the impressive tower of the Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay to the east, and the riparian environment along the banks of the Sacramento River, with natural valley oaks and native vegetation. The design of the pathways, garden spaces, plant collections, and the integration of nature-based and nature-inspired original art build upon the beauty of the natural environment.
McConnell Arboretum & Botanical Gardens offers insight about plants with thoughtful emphasis on making selections in harmony with the climate, either native species or from the same type of climate zones elsewhere in the world. These include plants that are drought tolerant and tolerate cool, wet winters. They are tough plants, both beautiful and appealing. This is a place to enjoy while learning new and unusual plant facts.
Bridge Gate (East Garden Entrance)
The main entrance to the Gardens is just to the west of the Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay on the north side of the Sacramento River. The Bridge Gate entrance is preceded by a public area known as the Quarry Patio Garden, a gathering place with tables with umbrellas, food and beverage kiosks, public restrooms, and a staging area for entertainment and programming.
Perennial Companions Display Garden
Companion planting is a way of looking at plants, not separately, but in association with the other plants around them. This planting method has been used for thousands of years around the world.
In Mesoamerica an early agricultural technique was to plant corn, beans, and squash together (this is called ‘the three sisters’). The beans grew up the corn, and the spiny squash vines protected all the plants from herbivores. The idea of companion planting has evolved throughout the centuries to include the use of plants to attract beneficial insects and repel harmful insects and browsing mammals.
Plants can also be combined according other attributes: Grasses with butterfly nectar plants to provide a place for rest as well as a food source, evergreen plants with herbaceous (dying to the ground in the winter) blooming plants to provide year-round structure along with months-long bloom, etc.
As you enter the Gardens, the California Garden is the first of five mediterranean-climate zone gardens and includes species that thrive and survive in this part of the state. Here, water-wise methods such as planning a water-saving design, choosing appropriate plants, and using proper irrigation techniques are demonstrated. Shasta County native plants are highlighted.
South African Garden
The cape of South Africa has a mediterranean-climate that supports many colorful plant species. Many commonly grown geophytes (bulbs, tubers, etc.), such as gladiolus, come from this region.
Pacific Rim Garden
The Pacific Rim Garden features fascinating plants from countries around the Pacific Ocean that will grow in this region. Sounds of Water, a unique and beautiful water feature by ecological artist Betsy Damon provides a refreshing oasis as well as teaching visitors about water use in California and the types of plants associated with water conservation.
The large collection of trees, shrubs, perennials, and groundcovers from southern and western Australia represents a small portion of the mostly drought-tolerant plants that can grow in local gardens.
The flora of Chile is not well known to the rest of the world. Central Chile has about 2,400 plant species compared with 4,400 species in California’s larger mediterranean-climate region. About half of the Chilean plant species are endemic, meaning that they grow nowhere else. Visitors will find special and unusual plants here that they can successfully grow in their native California gardens.
Ten small planting beds represent an abstract human body with head, arms, stomach, lungs, and other internal organs. Plants in the Medicinal Garden are representative of species used in traditional herbal cures. Some of these plants are also the basis of medicines and supplements used today.
Mediterranean Basin Garden
The Mediterranean Basin encompasses portions of 15 countries in Southern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. Many plants in the Mediterranean Basin Garden are very familiar to gardeners. Several varieties of lavender, rosemary, rockrose, and yarrow, along with other little known species are included in this garden.
The Butterfly Garden contains both nectar and host plants for butterflies. Several species of butterflies visit the garden, particularly on warm days. Insecticides, even organic ones, are kept to a minimum throughout the gardens, in part to encourage butterflies and other beneficial insects to visit.
Childrens GardenThe Children’s Garden is home to Mosaic Oasis, a whimsical and fun water feature that includes a drinking fountain, ornamental fountain, and play structure designed by local mixed media artist Colleen Barry. The Children’s Garden and Picnic Grove areas are full of fun and interesting plants from around the world.
Fitzpatrick Celebration Garden
Fitzpatrick Celebration Garden is designed with several garden “rooms” perfect for weddings, corporate events, parties, and receptions.
Carl & Leah’s Meadow
Named for Carl & Leah McConnell, this meadow is a relaxing retreat of wildflowers or native grasses, depending on the season.
Wildlife Conservation Board Grant Project
On February 11, 2003, the Wildlife Conservation Board granted Turtle Bay Exploration Park funding to restore and enhance approximately 340 acres of riparian habitat located on both sides of the Sacramento River. Turtle Bay partnered with Sacramento River Partners and Sacramento Watershed Action Group to design and implement the project that removed invasive species and re-established native vegetation.